November 1845 California Republic declares independence
Buoyed by the recent Texican secession, American settlers around San Francisco Bay in the Mexican District of Alta California establish the California Republic and declare their independence from Mexico. Californios in the Los Angeles region do not support the Anglos and Mexican forces are dispatched to prevent further dissolution of the country.
January 1847 Republic of California signs truce and soon asks for admission to US
After the indecisive Battle of San Luis Obispo, the California Republic and Mexico sign the Truce of Monterrey. Though not recognized as a sovereign nation, the Republic of California had achieved de facto independence. Her residents were, however, overwhelmingly in favor of annexation by the United States.
1846 Brigham Young leads Mormons to Great Salt Lake
Fleeing sustained harassment, Brigham Young leads his Mormon congregation on an arduous trek to the Great Salt Lake in hopes of settling in a region where they can practice their faith without invoking the ire of their neighbors.
1848 Lewis Cass (Democrat) elected President
The election of 1848 again witnessed splintering of the major parties along the slavery issue. This time it would be to the Whigs detriment as the Free Republic party coalesced from its ranks to run former President Van Buren as their Candidate. The election was even closer than 1844’s as frontrunner Lewis Cass failed to gain a majority of electoral votes leading to the first instance of the President being chosen by the House of Representatives.★